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  • Maksim Makarenko

Why is Peer Interaction so Important for Teenagers?



Communication is a complex process of interaction between people, which consists of the exchange of information, as well as the perception and understanding of each other by talking.


Success in a particular area of ​​life directly depends on competence and literacy in communication. Lack of basic communication skills leads to small misunderstandings and conflicts which may result in bigger problems.


Communication performs several functions in a person's life: organization of joint activities, development, management of behavior and activities, self-affirmation, control, psychological comfort, etc.


The ability to communicate also implies a developed degree of socio-psychological adaptation, that is, the ability of a person to adapt to the conditions of a new social environment, the ability to exert a psychological influence on others, to convince them and win them over.


In adolescence, significant adults fade into the background in communication; this is the period when communication is reoriented from parents and teachers to friends and peers. This is very important for any teenager, and how effectively the child learns to communicate will depend on his ability to build communication in the future.


Thanks to communication, the self-awareness of adolescents expands. This is because a teenager discovers their inner world, which determines their individuality and uniqueness. Due to the fragility of the inner world, a teenager needs approval and acceptance among his peers. In early adolescence, self-knowledge occurs through communication with friends and classmates, gradually the external dialogue passes to the internal dialogue, that is, thinking about oneself. The external dialogue is the threshold of the internal one.


The speed of data exchange in the digital space has called into question the need to meet in person. However, the importance of face-to-face meetings should not be underestimated. Studies show that the lack of regular communication with people negatively affects not only health, job satisfaction, and life in general, but also productivity. By meeting and communicating with other people, we improve our quality of life.


Online communication cannot serve as an adequate substitute for face-to-face communication. Researchers at the Oregon Health and Science University came to the disappointing conclusion that a lack of social contact in the form of face-to-face meetings almost doubles the risk of depression.


The problem of communication is one of the most important spheres of life for a teenager. All psychologists agree in recognizing the importance of communication in the formation of personality in adolescence. This period is essential for forming the main structural components of the personality. The formation of the future personality depends on how communication develops. Therefore, it is important to help teenagers develop communication skills in situations in which they experience difficulties.


Social enthusiasm, friendliness, activity, striving for new acquaintances - without these qualities, it is impossible to build a real dialogue. It is easier for a sociable and active person to take the first step to finding friends. Social enthusiasm and friendliness allow you not to get lost in society. Therefore, it is recommended to develop these qualities in yourself.


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